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The Sukhoi Design Bureau is widely known both in the former Soviet Union and far beyond its borders for the development of military aircraft. And while the USSR existed, this enterprise had a clearly indicated direction. Within the framework of the bureau, aircraft were developed, which, as was customary in the Union, received names consisting of the first letters of the design bureau name and model number. Su-27, Su-29 - developments of this enterprise.
In the 21st century, a new organization has emerged within the bureau. Its name is slightly different from the "parent", but the specialization has changed dramatically. The company is not engaged in military vehicles - only civil aviation is in the plans. And in 2008, the Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft, a short- and medium-haul single-deck liner, was presented to the public. Serial production was launched in the same 2008 and is still functioning today.
The only Soviet passenger airline usedexclusively domestic models: Ilyushin, Tupolev, Antonov aircraft. Any of these enterprises had civilian designs in their line, and some produced exclusively passenger aircraft that were practical, easy to maintain, and, most importantly, quite cheap.
But even if you do not take into account the aircraft of the Soviet era, calling the Sukhoi Superjet 100 Russian can be a stretch. Yes, it became the first passenger aircraft created in the Russian Federation, but many foreign companies took part in the development. And Aeroflot, which has become the main operator of this machine, uses it in cases where it is not economically profitable to launch large Boeing-type airbuses. The aircraft can accommodate 100 people (in the maximum modification), is easily converted from two classes into one and is quite convenient for both the company and passengers. To be fair, it should be noted that the developers are releasing the aircraft in two classes - 12 seats in the first, the rest - in the economy.
One of the interesting details that the Sukhoi Superjet 100 boasts is the cabin layout. An ordinary traveler is used to the fact that two types of cabins are used in passenger aviation - 9 seats in a row (3 sections of three seats), as, for example, in the Boeing 747, or 6 seats (2 sections of three seats) - as in " Boeing 737". Here, the economy class has 5 seats in a row, on one side of the aisle there is a standard section for three seats, on the other - for two.
Another feature is that the liner uses parts and whole blocks from many foreign companies, thanks to which it received the most modern aviation and other equipment. Among them, one can note a system that protects the tail section from touching the runway during takeoff (landing) even in the event of a pilot error.
Also, we will attribute the uniqueness of the new car to the features. According to experts, the Sukhoi Superjet 100 has practically nothing in common with earlier developments of civilian aircraft.
Technical parameters will be presented as a list:
- The power plant is represented by a pair of Sam146 - 1S17 engines.
- APU (auxiliary) - Honeywell RE220.
- Cruising speed - 830 km/h.
- Maximum - 860 km/h.
- Ceiling - 12,200 m.
- Flight range - 3048 m.
- Wingspan - 27.8 m.
- Wing area - 77 sq. m.
- Capacity - 98 seats (+ 3 crew members - flight attendant and pilots).
- RWY for takeoff - not less than 1750 m, for landing - more than 1650 m.
It is worth noting that after the release of the first version, the data of which is presented above, in 2013 a modification of the Sukhoi Superjet 100LR was developed - an aircraft with an increased flight range. With the exception of more powerful engines (model 1S18), it was no different from the original machine, but its flight range was 1000 km more. In addition, for the described version of the aircraft, a longer strip was required to gain speed.takeoff - 2000 m.
Now let's move on to the best and worst places, as well as the general layout of the medium-haul Sukhoi Superjet 100. The layout of the cabin is presented below.
The machine has exits at the beginning and at the end of the fuselage (there are no emergency exits according to the scheme above the wings), a kitchen located in the tail section, and a two-cabin layout.
The worst seats, as in other liners, are located at the end of the cabin. Behind the backs is a partition separating the kitchen (seats D, E, F) and toilets (seats A, C), so the backs of the seats are fixed. Also, smells can reach the last row. Passengers flying in the first row of business class will experience some inconvenience, as the main passenger doors are ahead - during takeoff, landing, these seats can be used for luggage. And behind the partition in front are the toilets.
The best seats can be called those located in the 6th row - the first in the economy class. There is a lot of legroom, the backs recline, and there is a partition in front of you - no one will recline your back on you. Some inconvenience may be felt by a passenger occupying seat 6D. Aisles in "business" and "economy" are shifted relative to each other.
An interesting feature of the layout is that neither in "business" nor in "economy" there are no B seats. It was already mentioned above that the economy class received 5 seats in a row. For lovers of traveling together, this will be a definite plus.
The Sukhoi Superjet 100 airliner, the photo of which was presented in this review, has become a convenient solution for flights over relatively short distances. On not particularly loaded routes, the carrier got the opportunity to use a vehicle that is less resource-demanding. It can also be noted that the Superjet is a relatively new vessel with modern security and navigation systems.