Table of contents:
- Geographic features
- Flora and fauna
- Healing power
Many of us go on vacation to popular seaside resorts. Every year something changes there - new hotels appear, entertainment is added. Not at all like Taman Bay. Here, time seems to be slumbering. Despite the unique natural conditions, both the water area and the coastal zone remain unchanged, delighting with relative peace and quiet. They don’t build modern water parks here, they don’t arrange bright shows, they don’t develop (yet) large-scale construction. And thank God! Now you can call it a miracle the opportunity to walk along a deserted seashore in the summer, to see dozens of birds in nature, and not in cages, to sit quietly with a fishing rod. This is what Taman Bay is famous for. And everyone who likes such a vacation is happy to enjoy harmony in this corner of the earthly paradise.
Some argue, Taman Bay - which sea: Black or Azov? The people are misled by the fact that the bay is located exactly in the place where these two seaspass from one to another. They are separated by the Kerch Strait, which belongs to the Azov. At its eastern shores is the Taman Bay. In the northern part of the Kerch Strait lies a long and narrow sandy-shell spit Chushka. In the south there is the Tuzlinskaya Spit, which is a long elongated island and a man-made dam. The water area between these spits is the Taman Bay. Residents of coastal areas do not argue about the question of which sea to give priority to. Jokingly, they say that they have several of them: Black - one, Azov - two and "wine" - three, referring to the unusually developed winemaking in the region.
Taman Bay cuts deep into the Taman Peninsula for 16 km. Its width is different, but in the entrance area it is approximately 8 km. On the north side there is another small bay called Dinsky. It cuts into the land for 8 km, and the width measured at the entrance is 2 km. Dinsky Bay is part of the Taman Bay. The mirror of both is 38.4 thousand hectares. Both reservoirs have a natural formation by the slow sinking of the land.
Now this process continues and is from 2 to 5 mm annually. The salinity of water in both reservoirs varies with distance from the coastline. So, in coastal areas it is approximately 2-2.5% (ppm), and in the distance it reaches 11.3%. The depth of reservoirs is uneven and ranges from 0.5 to 5 meters in the Taman and up to 4 in the Dinskoy bays. There are many lagoons and s alt lakes with therapeutic silt deposits in the water area of reservoirs, there is a mudvolcano and several small islands. In winter, the water in the bays freezes (approximately from the second half of December to March). The average temperature in winter is slightly below zero, and in summer it is usually around +25 degrees. Water in the bays, due to shallow depths, warms up to +28, and on some days near the coast it can reach +36 degrees.
On the shores of the Taman Bay are the villages of Taman, Sennoy, Primorsky, Volna and Garkusha. Taman with a population of just over 10 thousand people is considered a city. She is inextricably linked with M. Yu. Lermontov, although other historical figures also visited this city - the Decembrists, the hero of the war of 1812, General Raevsky, and the well-known Mendeleev. All these are pieces of history that glorified the city and Taman Bay. The village is located 60 km from Anapa.
The rest of the settlements are rural. The village of Sennoy is the largest of them. It has 28 streets and 14 lanes. It is connected by a railway line with the port "Caucasus", located on the Chushka Spit. In the village there is d. station. Sennaya is famous for the largest winery in the region, Fanagoria, where, in addition to the store, there is a wonderful tasting room. Primorsky, Volna and Garkusha are popular among vacationers due to low prices and good living conditions. You can get to these settlements by bus or car from Anapa, Temryuk and Krasnodar.
Taman Bay of the Black Sea is decorated with small but important islands for this ecosystem. The largest of them in terms of area are Dzendzik,Lisy and Krupinina. Dzendzik emerges from the water in the western part of the bay and is located about 500 meters from the Chushka Spit. Its length is about 200 meters, width is about 100. The soils of the island are sandy-shell rock. The vegetation is mainly cattail, reeds, sedge and some herbs.
Krupinin Island or, as the locals say, Krupin, as well as Lisiy are located about 1.5-2 km north of Dzendzik. Their appearance, soil composition, vegetation and wildlife are not much different. Radio amateurs and ornithologists love to spend time on these small islands.
Flora and fauna
Taman Bay can safely be called a paradise for waterfowl. A photo better than any words demonstrates excellent conditions for life and breeding of feathered offspring here. Cormorants (more than 700 pairs), river and spotted terns (300 pairs of each species), grebes listed in the Red Book of Russia, sea plovers, oystercatchers nest on the islands. There are bustards, swans, white-tailed eagles, loons, demoiselle cranes, gulls, little bustards here. Up to 250 thousand individuals of various species gather for wintering in the water area. In addition, Taman Bay is located on the bird migration route. More than 500 thousand birds visit these places in spring and autumn.
Among other representatives of the fauna, about two dozen species of fish live in the bay, dolphins come to feed. On land, in the floodplains of the coast, large mammals are found hares, foxes, raccoons, badgers, and small animals - snakes and a bunch of insects.
In addition to the unique ecological natural park, Taman Bay is interesting for the villages located on its shores. Each of them has something to see. So, in Taman there is the Lermontov Museum, which is the house where he stayed. Of great interest are not only the preserved interior furnishings, but also the paintings of the poet. In addition, you can visit Turkish wells and drink fresh water there, take a walk in the Ataman ethnopark, plus swim there, go to the archaeological museum. The region is also rich in archaeological exhibits.
So, not far from Taman there is a unique settlement, founded about 3 thousand years ago and called "Germonassa-Tmutarakan". It stretched from Taman Bay to Sukhoe Lake. In addition, there are ruins of ancient cities near the village of Primorsky and Sennoy. Here even Putin once found ancient amphoras when he was relaxing in these parts and diving in the bay.
The uniqueness of the Taman Bay lies not only in its beauty and freedom from restless civilization. Perhaps its main advantage is the healing air and mud. The fact is that a special type of algae grows in the shallow water of the bay. Thrown by the waves onto land, they create, at first glance, an unsightly picture - the shore seems to be surrounded by a dirty green belt that smells of hydrogen sulfide. But these plants that rot in the sun are an invaluable gift of nature, as they can help with many diseases, rejuvenate and heal the skin. Many tourists, specifically for applications from them and for the sake of therapeuticair arrive at the Taman Bay. Reviews of people who have rested here are always benevolent. Even in a short stay, many managed to get rid of rheumatic pains and improve their general condition. Only those who go to the bay in search of modern entertainment are dissatisfied. In addition to algae, volcanic mud and estuary s alts have healing power here. The most popular volcano is Plevaka-Blevaka, located 7 km from the base of the Chushka Spit.
Fishing is one of the outdoor activities that Taman Bay boasts. The depth and salinity, as well as its man-made eriki, allow both marine and freshwater fish to actively breed. Pelengas, gobies, flounder, mullet, mullet, horse mackerel, red mullet are caught here. Near the shore and in freshwater reservoirs, you can catch pike perch, asp, sabrefish, rudd, pike and many, many other fish. In the waters of the bay, fishermen even dug channels to make it more convenient to actively relax. One of these spontaneous hydraulic structures caused the separation of the whole island from the Tuzla Spit, called Tuzla. They fish in the bay in winter and summer, from the shore and from boats. Entrepreneurial people even organized a small business here - they take them to places with a good bite for a small fee.
Quite a lot of people prefer calm and little spoiled by civilization Taman Bay to noisy resorts. Rest here can be arranged the most diverse. For lovers of freedom there are many places whereconvenient to set up tents. Nobody drives anyone here, and food can always be purchased from local residents. For lovers of a more comfortable stay, there are two options: rent accommodation from locals or buy a ticket to a recreation center. There are not as many of them here as one might expect. For many who come here, they remind of the old Soviet times, but the service at the recreation centers is quite decent, and the prices are good, they don’t bite at all. The private sector can also please with excellent service and low prices. Here in the villages you can rent a room for 250 rubles per person per day, live with all amenities, bask on clean beaches with golden sand, breathe healing air, smear yourself with mud and algae, swim in the gentle sea and enjoy a wonderful vacation.