Shanghai seaport: history, scale

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Shanghai seaport: history, scale
Shanghai seaport: history, scale
Anonim

Tourism in China is actively developing, as in any modern state. Today, every second traveler wants to know the customs and customs of the Chinese people from the inside. Once a fishing village, the modern metropolis of Shanghai is striking in its scale. Skyscrapers, financial centers, the largest corporations in the world - it's all here.

Why is the port important?

The city is endowed with a huge number of attractions, parks and monuments of architectural heritage, but the seaport of Shanghai is also considered a no less majestic building. It is to him that Shanghai owes its rapid development and dizzying economic growth throughout the eastern territory.

In addition, Shanghai is also a major shipbuilding base. It is here that almost half of all marine vessels in China are built, which corresponds to about five percent of the world's output. Today in our article we will talk aboutspecifically about the formation and development of a seaport in China. Let's get acquainted with its features.

Central part of the city

Basic information

To date, the city port of Shanghai occupies a leading position in terms of cargo turnover throughout the world. China managed to take this position only after the country's accession to the World Trade Organization. Say what you like, but this is a key channel that allows you to import and export various goods.

The city's port has developed at a rapid pace, allowing it to establish links with more than 200 countries and 500 ports around the world. It is also worth mentioning that the port of the same name shouldered an average of about 20% of all cargo transportation in the world - all thanks to China's competent system for trade negotiations and a favorable geographical position.

The seaport is located on the western side of the Pacific coast, near the confluence of the Yangtze River into the East China Sea. The length of the berthing line of the port of Shanghai is about 20 kilometers, including 125 berths.

View of the port of Shanghai

A Brief Historical Course

The history of the seaport of Shanghai is reflected in the middle of the 19th century. This century is key for the entire Republic of China. It was from that moment that Shanghai began its rapid development in international economic terms.

By the beginning of the 20th century, Shanghai was proclaimed the largest transport hub in the Far East. With the advent of communist power - in the period from 1949 to 1991, heexperienced not the best of times. But in the future, the port of Shanghai took the lead.

Coastline

Internal arrangement of the sea port

In our time, the international port includes several main working areas:

  • Wusong is the oldest zone located on the northern side of the metropolis;
  • Waigaoqiao is the largest container terminal on the territory of the Far Eastern transport hub;
  • Yangshan is one of the main parts built on the islands of the same name. Yangshan Port is connected to the mainland by one of the world's longest bridges (over 32 km).

It was thanks to the idea to build a separate Yangshan zone, thereby unloading the other two parts, that it turned out to make the port a leader in the world. Port of Yangshan is engaged in a completely diverse cargo: from coal and ore to building materials. The city also has several cruise terminals, one of which is located in the city center. There are never big ships here. There are also two completely different bus stops nearby. This was done in order to create radically different tourist routes for exploring the metropolis.

bridge china

An interesting fact is that most professional experts considered this building absolutely absurd, since almost the entire Chinese coast is shallow. Despite this factor, Chinese specialists managed to deepen the coastline and build an entire cargo and passenger empire on this territory.turnover.

Location

Shanghai's geographical location is very advantageous from an economic point of view. It should also be noted that there are very favorable climatic conditions. Many tourists who have never been on vacation in China are wondering how to get to Shanghai. Unfortunately, this direction cannot be called a budget one, and domestic travelers are unlikely to be able to find a low-cost airline if they depart from Russia.

It is best to fly from Moscow, since the cost of tickets will be much lower than from the regions. Flights from Russia are carried out by many well-known companies such as Aeroflot, China Eastern, Qatar Airways or Swiss. It is better to purchase tickets using the Aviasales online service.

The distance along the Moscow-Shanghai route is 6800 km, and the flight time will take about 9 hours by direct flight. There are also several connecting flights. This option will certainly be cheaper and longer. From Moscow to Shanghai, you can make a transfer in Singapore, and then use the services of the budget airline AirAsia.

Evening view of Shanghai

Conclusion

Shanghai Seaport is the leader in import and export of goods throughout the Eastern Hemisphere. Like Shanghai itself, the port has a developed infrastructure, a well-thought-out logistics system and regular support from China. This allowed the city to reach a completely new level, gain the trust of the whole world and enter into partnerships with leading countries.

Shanghai is capable of hittingwith its scale. Here, tourists will find a completely different atmosphere, unusual for citizens of the European Union and Russia. We hope that the article was informative and useful to many readers.

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