Table of contents:
- Who is Ho Chi Minh
- History of occurrence
- American attempts to destroy trail
- The significance of the path for winning the war
- Where is the Ho Chi Minh Trail
2023 Author: Harold Hamphrey | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 19:35
The Ho Chi Minh Trail is one of the biggest attractions in Vietnam, which attracts tourists from all over the world. The trail is a complex of land and waterways over 20,000 km long, which stretched across the lands of Cambodia and Laos, and during the Vietnam War were used to transport weapons, ammunition, fuel to the territory of South Vietnam. The Trail is believed to have been critical to the triumph of the North Vietnamese. By the way, this name has American roots, and the Vietnamese themselves called this area "Thuong Son Trail", after the name of the mountain range nearby.
Military history buffs would love to see for themselves the extensive network of narrow, semi-overgrown paths and narrow gravel roads that stretch along the Lao-Vietnamese border. The intricate interweaving of mountain and forest paths that connected North and South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos during the period of military confrontation has survived to this day.
Who is Ho Chi Minh
FirstPresident of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, ideologue and founder of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. It was this communist organization under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh that launched an uprising against the country's president and marked the beginning of a long and bloody war.
History of occurrence
In 1957, a guerrilla war broke out in South Vietnam, raised by rebels against the elected president Ngo Dinh Diem. Almost 2 years after the start of the armed clashes, the North Vietnamese authorities decided to support the rebels. For this, an armed transport detachment was assembled, which was faced with the task of organizing an uninterrupted supply of military equipment to South Vietnam. The first transport corridor was laid along the demilitarized zone between North and South, but was soon discovered and destroyed. The new route, which later received the name "Ho Chi Minh trail", went around the demilitarized area and entered the lands of Laos.
At this time, a civil war was in full swing in Laos. The border areas were controlled by the communists from the Pathet-Lao movement, who sympathized with the rebels of South Vietnam and did not interfere with the passage of vehicles through their lands. Cambodia officially declared neutrality, but the government, represented by Prince Sihanouk, granted broad powers to the North Vietnamese army and allowed its territory to be used.
During the war, the Ho Chi Minh trail continuously expanded and as a result turned into an extensive network of severalmajor roads and narrow paths that run parallel to each other. Transshipment stations were built along the entire length, where the soldiers of the transport detachments rested. Most of the way passed through forests and jungles, so it remained completely invisible from the air. All objects were carefully camouflaged, the road was covered by an air defense system, which included large-caliber anti-aircraft machine guns.
In addition to moving weapons, ammunition, fuel and other military equipment, detachments of North Korean soldiers regularly moved along the trail. As a rule, they walked all the way, although the length of the Ho Chi Minh trail was more than 2000 km. At first, foot porters and elephants were used to transport goods, but soon they were replaced by trucks.
After the departure of the US military, the trail was re-equipped and improved. In 1975, it turned into a wide all-weather road almost 8 meters wide. An oil pipeline with a length of about 2000 km and a telecommunications line were also built here.
American attempts to destroy trail
The northern regions of South Vietnam are dominated by a mountainous landscape, so there were not many convenient places for the overpass to get out. Large battles constantly took place at these points. Cambodia and Laos formally remained neutral, so American troops could not cross their borders and destroy the Ho Chi Minh trail. For secret operations in the neutral zone, a special detachment was created,who was engaged in reconnaissance, the placement of motion sensors, sabotage activities and the capture of prisoners.
In 1964, the US military received permission to conduct military operations in Laos. The trail was regularly bombarded, and attempts were made to erode it with climate weapons. The army of North Vietnam suffered enormous losses, but the Americans did not succeed in completely blocking this artery.
The significance of the path for winning the war
Both the Americans and the Vietnamese agree on the fact that the Ho Chi Minh trail was critical to the victory of the North Vietnamese. Researchers confirm that since 1968 the military power of the South Vietnamese rebels has been based solely on supplies from the northern part of the state. The regular army of the North fought all the main battles. Both military equipment and soldiers arrived in the southern regions directly along the trail. If the opposing side managed to cut this corridor, the outcome of the war could be completely different.
Where is the Ho Chi Minh Trail
The main and original way is in Vietnam. Runs along the Vietnam-Laos border.
However, the path of the same name exists near St. Petersburg. This trail appeared in 1960 and stretched from the granite quarry in Kuznechny to the Yastrebinoye Lake. Of course, there has never been a war in this region on the border with Karelia, so from the point of view of history, there are no sights on the trail. But tourists canenjoy beautiful views, go fishing and climbing.
Isola, Slovenia: location, history of appearance, sea, beaches, choice of hotels, recreation, attractions, excursions and reviews of vacationers
The best hotels in Izola (Slovenia) are the four-star San-Simon Resort, Hotel Marina 3, Belvedere Casino Resort 3 and Hotel Delfin. During the high season, room rates go up a lot. This is due to the limited number of hotels. Therefore, many tourists prefer to book rooms in the spring
Schapovo Manor: the history of the appearance and the village of Shchapovo, architectural features, photos and reviews of tourists
Old noble estates of the Moscow region - a precious necklace of the capital of the Russian Federation. Among them, one can single out such important cultural dominants as Arkhangelsk, Lyakhovo, Altufyevo, Kuskovo, etc. One of the important places in the history of the life of the noble estates of the Moscow region in the 19th century can be considered Shchapovo, which is also an important museum center of the Moscow region, thanks to its collection items of nobility
Stone steppe in the Voronezh region: the history and significance of forestry work. Dokuchaevsky oasis
Stone steppe is a state nature reserve. Its vast territory, more than 5 thousand hectares, is located in the Voronezh region of the Talovsky district. It received its current status of a reserve on May 25, 1996 by a Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation. Its peculiarity is that, thanks to the activity of human hands, it was possible to preserve here both classic black earth soils and pristine steppe areas
Moscow does not have a good environment. And if not for the numerous parks, squares, rivers and lakes, it would be really bad. Thanks to the large planting areas, Muscovites and guests of the capital have the opportunity to relax and breathe clean air. One of these places is the park "Dubki"
The Golitsyn trail (New World) is not just a tourist route. This is an unusual and very attractive way to get acquainted with the Crimean nature. It was created over a hundred years ago by the caring hand of Prince Lev Golitsyn