Table of contents:
- Mineral resources
- Nature of Buryatia
- What was the name of the capital of Buryatia before 1934?
- Ulan-Ude - the capital of Buryatia
- Buryatia is a seismically active region?
The Republic of Buryatia is a subject of the Russian Federation. The capital of Buryatia is Ulan-Ude. This land is rich in culture and history. Two traditions intertwined here - European and Eastern, each of which is amazing and unique. The land of Buryatia remembers the times of the great Xiongnu nomads, the warriors of Genghis Khan, the Cossacks who defended the borders of Transbaikalia. Once Buryatia was part of Mongolia, because the culture of this country has become an integral part of the Buryat people. The past is remembered here, it did not leave without a trace, but became part of the present.
Buryatia is located on the eastern shore of Lake Baikal, in the heart of Asia. The republic's southern neighbor is Mongolia. From the north, Buryatia borders on the Irkutsk region, Tyva adjoins the western part, and the Trans-Baikal Territory adjoins the eastern part. The area of the republic is about 351 thousand square kilometers. The geography of Buryatia is unique. All zones of Eurasia meet here: taiga, mountains, tundra, steppes, plains, desert. There are a lot of healing springs with mineral water in Buryatia. The locals call them ashans and consider them sacred places.
Many factors influence the climate of Buryatia. The republic is remote from the oceans and is located in the center of the Eurasian continent, moreover, Buryatia is surrounded by mountains. Because the weather here is unique and peculiar, namely, it is characterized by frequent and sharp variability. The territory of the republic is characterized by a sharply continental climate. It has very cold winters and hot (though brief) summers. Buryatia is a very sunny republic. By the number of clear days, it can be compared with the Caucasus, Crimea or Central Asia.
Buryatia is the richest territory of our country in terms of mineral reserves. More than 700 deposits have been explored here. Gold, tungsten, uranium, molybdenum, beryllium, tin, aluminum - this is only a small part of all minerals. And the reserves of hard and brown coal will be enough for the needs of the republic for hundreds of years. It should be noted that the subsoil of this region contains about 48 percent of the balance reserves of zinc in Russia. The capital of Buryatia is the center of industrial enterprises processing natural resources.
Nature of Buryatia
The nature of the republic is diverse and rich: dense forests, high mountains, valleys and rivers. There are a lot of plants and animals listed in the Red Book: brown bear, Barguzin sable, red deer, mountain goat, reindeer and many others (about 40 species).
Travelers will love thisamazing edge. There is something to see here. Next will be a list of 7 natural wonders of Buryatia, a must-see for every self-respecting traveler.
Seventh place - Yukhta area (Zakamensky district). Here you will see an amazing mountain ensemble. This place is located at the confluence of the Dzhida and Yukhta rivers. The rocks look like a fortress. They acquired such a bizarre shape under the onslaught of rains and winds. From the tops of the mountains you can observe the most beautiful panorama - a valley with sheer cliffs. You can admire the views not only from the top of the rocks, but also while crossing the river.
Sixth place - the gorge of the Alla River (Kurumkansky district). The valley of this river is cut by ancient glaciers. It flows in narrow canyon-like gorges. According to tourists, this is the most beautiful place on the planet. Everyone, without exception, is breathtaking from the incredibly beautiful and majestic panorama and the fast-rushing mountain river.
Fifth place - a waterfall in the valley of the Shumilikha river (Severobaikalsky district). It is located 10 kilometers from Lake Baikal. In order to see it, you need to go along the ecological path on the southern border of the Barguzinsky Reserve at an altitude of one kilometer above sea level. The waterfall rushes down the bizarre rocks with a powerful roar.
Fourth place - Gargin thermal spring (Kurumkan district). This source has been known since the eighteenth century. It is located in the valley of the Garga River. The temperature of the source is from 25 to 75 degrees Celsius. The composition of water is considered to be slightly mineralized, slightly alkaline with a high content of radon. Herepeople come with various ailments. Water heals diseases of the muscles, bones, tendons, gynecological and dermatological diseases.
Third place - Slyudyansky lakes (Severobaikalsky district). These lakes are located 25 kilometers from Lake Baikal and are the residual lakes of the Baikal Bay. They got their name because of the mica mined in these places since the seventeenth century. They are surrounded by a pine forest, which creates an unusually beautiful view.
Second place - Mount Under Baabay (Zakamensky district). This mountain is a beautiful mountain range. An unusually picturesque view opens up from the top.
First place - Mount Barkhan-Uula (Kurumkansky district). According to Tibetan legends, Mount Barkhan-Uula is one of the five places where the main spirits live. There is a belief that a person who manages to conquer this mountain will become one with God.
What was the name of the capital of Buryatia before 1934?
The city was founded in 1666 on the river Uda. And it was originally called the Udinsky Cossack winter quarters. The location of the winter hut was very successful - at the crossroads of trade routes between Russia, China and Mongolia. That is why it developed at a fast pace. By 1689, the winter hut began to be called the Verkhoudinsky prison. A year later, the prison received the status of a city. By 1905, the construction of the railway was completed. From that moment on, industry began to develop rapidly in the region. By 1913, the population reached 13 thousand people.
Ulan-Ude - the capital of Buryatia
In 1934 the city was renamed Ulan-Ude. And in 1957 he received the status of the capital of the Buryat ASSR. Today, the population of Ulan-Ude, the oldest city in Siberia, is 421,453 people. The capital of Buryatia is an administrative, cultural and economic center. In addition, it is included in the list of "Historical cities of Russia".
Guests of Ulan-Ude always note how big and beautiful the capital of the Republic of Buryatia is. There are four higher educational institutions and five drama theaters in the city. Much attention is paid to sports. There are various sports clubs, sections and schools. The capital of Buryatia has 10 sister cities. Currently, the city is actively developing. There are many enterprises operating here that ensure the development of the entire region.
2011 year. The capital of Buryatia celebrates its 345th anniversary. The city authorities decided to celebrate such a round date on a grand scale: concerts, festivities, fireworks and fireworks.
Buryatia is a seismically active region?
The Republic is located in a seismically active zone. Therefore, the question remains very acute: "How many points will the capital of Buryatia withstand?" Unfortunately, according to experts, buildings, both new and old, will not withstand large amplitudes of the earthquake. City authorities should pay attention to this and tighten control over the construction of buildings.