Several centuries ago, the territory on which the Chita region is today was inhabited first by Evenk tribes, and later by Buryats. From the eighteenth century, settlers began to explore Transbaikalia, including exiled Old Believers.
In 1782, there was the Irkutsk viceroy, and since 1852 - Transbaikalia with the capital - the city of Chita. The region in 1870 already formed three districts: Selenginsky, Barguzinsky and Chitinsky.
Since the nineteenth century, mining has become the main industry. A lot of convicts worked in factories and mines.
The Chita region became known as a place of exile for the Decembrists after the uprising in December 1825. The Bestuzhev brothers, N. Muravyov, M. Lunin, A. Yakubovich, S. Volkonsky were exiled here, and later their wives joined some of them: Trubetskaya, Volkonskaya, Muravyova.
It was the Decembrists who influenced the further development of the culture of this region.
Some cities of the Chita region are of regional importance. These are Chita, Borzya, Boley, Krasnokamensk and Petrovsk-Zabaikalsky,grown and developed around the iron foundry. It was here that from 1830 to 1839 the Decembrists, who were transferred here from Chita, served their penal servitude. In the old city there are still buildings that testify to the presence of these heroic people here. And at the city cemetery you can see the graves of the Decembrist Gorbachevsky, the crypt-chapel of N. Muravyov's wife.
In 1980 (according to a few documents) it was possible to restore the house where E. Trubetskaya lived, later a museum was opened here, and a small memorial cemetery of some Decembrists was built near the railway.
The Chita region is located in the taiga and steppe zones. Most of its territory is occupied by taiga forests, in which cedar and Dahurian larch, birch, and pine grow. In the thickets you can find sable, column, ermine, brown bears, lynx, deer are found here.
It is on this territory that such protected areas as the Daursky and Sokhondinsky nature reserves, as well as the mineral resorts of Darasun, Molokovka, Shivanda, etc. are located.
The Chita region is rich in mineral springs, of which there are more than three hundred on its territory. They are diverse: these are thermal nitrogen sources, and cold carbonic ones, and with medium and low mineralization.
The Chita region is of great geopolitical importance. It borders on two states at once - Mongolia and China.
The main transport arteries leading to the eastern borders of Russia pass through this region, such as the Chita-Khabarovsk and Transsib highways, and throughborder Zabaikalsk transports almost seventy percent of all land cargo from China.
Those who were lucky enough to visit the Chita region - this hospitable, hospitable and hospitable region, do not get tired of admiring the exceptional beauty of these places. According to the majority of tourists who come here, it is on this territory that you can find the largest number of arshans, the Sokhondinsky nature reserve is the largest and most famous, the Onon is the majestic river, the most beautiful taiga that has no boundaries or limits, majestic mountains covered with a pink haze blooming wild rosemary, the most brilliant lakes, endless meadows, the most mushroom forests and berry fields. And the Russian people who love their land very much!