2023 Author: Harold Hamphrey | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 19:35
Mount Everest (Chomolungma) is the highest mountain in the world. It is located in the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and China. In 1965, it was named after George Everest (Everest George), who, from 1830 to 1843, served as the main surveyor of India. Prior to this, the mountain had no name and simply had its number "Peak XV". George made an invaluable contribution to her initial research.
The height of Mount Everest is 8848 meters, but every year it grows by 5-6 mm. Its specific height was named only in 1852, and it was in 1852 that it was recognized as the highest of the other nearby mountains, the height of which also exceeds 8 kilometers. The author of the height measurement was Waugh Andrew, who was the successor and student of George Everest. For the first time, the highest mountain was climbed in 1953 by New Zealander Hillary Edmund and Sherpa Norgay Tenzig. But, for the first time, a helicopter landed on the top of Everest only in 2005.
Chomolungma, translated from the Tibetan language, means "Mother of the Gods" or "Mother of Life". The highest mountain Everest was formed about 20 million years ago due to the rise of the seabed. For a long timetime, the process of layering rocks took place, although today it continues.
Approximately 500 people climb Mount Everest every year, despite the fact that this pleasure is quite dangerous and costs a lot of money. The approximate cost of the ascent is $50,000, and this is only for one person. Mount Everest was conquered by only four thousand lucky people. The largest expedition was carried out in 1975, and consisted of a Chinese team of 410 people. By the way, this trip is a great way to lose weight, as a person who has conquered Everest loses up to 20 kg. The first woman to reach the highest point on earth was Junko Tabei from Japan. She climbed to the top of the mountain in 1976. Since the discovery of Mount Everest and the beginning of the ascent, approximately 200 people have died. The main causes of death are considered to be: lack of oxygen, severe frosts, heart problems, avalanches and so on.
Experienced climbers say the hardest part of the mountain is the final 300 meters. This section has been given the name "the longest mile on Earth." Since it is a steep slope covered with snow, it is simply impossible to insure each other on it. The wind speed at the highest point can reach up to 200 km per hour, and the air temperature can reach -60 degrees. Atmospheric pressure at the top of the mountain is approximately 25%.
ResidentsNepalese follow thousands of years of customs, carry out solemn rituals of burial of climbers who died during the conquest of the mountain, so that their souls can find peace. According to popular beliefs, if the ceremony of "saving the dead souls" is not held, then they will wander around the "roof of the world." Local climbers who have tried to reach the summit use special talismans and amulets to avoid the spirits.
Mount Everest remains the most mysterious and formidable mountain of our planet. She spares no one, and that is why not everyone has the opportunity to conquer her.
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