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2023 Author: Harold Hamphrey | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 19:35
Kolomna is one of the oldest cities in the Moscow region. The first mention of it dates back to 1177. Today it is a beautiful green city located on the Moscow-Ryazan highway. From Moscow to the city center 100 km. In the Kolomna area, the Moscow River joins the Oka, which, in turn, is one of the tributaries of the Volga.
Thanks to such a convenient location in the middle of the 19th century, the Kolomna pier appeared. After almost 100 years, the government of the USSR renamed it into a port, which retained its original name. A shipbuilding, passenger compartment, a cargo pier and even container terminals are being built. And although during the Soviet Union the city was closed to foreigners (it was considered a military one), the port of Kolomna gave a significant impetus to the development of both the entire river fleet and shipping in the Moscow region.
One of the milestones in the development of the port can be called the appearance of light passenger ships. In 1958, the first motor ship "Moskva" made a passenger flight from Moscow to Kolomna. May 17 - the day of this transition - became the date of birth of the port. In 1975, due to the rapid growth of trafficthe marina receives the status of a port. In January 1994, a decision was made to reorganize, as a result of which OJSC "Port Kolomna" appeared. There are several versions about the creation of the society. According to some sources, this is the decision of the port labor collective, according to others - the decision of the mayor. In any case, today Kolomna is the city, the port of which is recognized as the largest in the south-eastern region of the Moscow region. It includes cargo sections on both rivers (the Oka and the Moskva River), a passenger transportation department, a shipyard, and many other facilities both in the coastal areas and in the city itself.
Kolomna is a strong port
If we talk about ships, despite the fact that the Russian river fleet is going through hard times, there are more than 100 ships for various purposes in Kolomna. These are tugboats, floating cranes, hydraulic loaders and self-propelled vessels, as well as river buses of the Moscow type.
The port is constantly modernizing its own crew, commissioning additional areas for ship repair and shipbuilding. A large share of passenger traffic in the central basin of the Russian Federation also belongs to OJSC.
Besides actual transportation, the port of Kolomna is engaged in the development of non-metallic building materials, such as sand or gravel. The city has a dry mix plant, also owned by the port.
One of the important structural divisions of the port is its own design office. Based on the capacities of the shipbuilding sectionships are being developed that have already managed to interest domestic customers. Among them are fishing trawlers. The enterprise's capacity is enough to produce 10 such boats per year. The domestic trawler will be able to make a difference in the fishing sector, which mainly operates ships made in China, and at the same time become a good source of financing for the port.
Not forgotten and development for their own needs. After long negotiations with the Germans, the Liebherr company (Germany), the port of Kolomna received a powerful floating crane with a lifting capacity of over 30 tons. Commissioning took place at the end of autumn 2014. The crane suspension was supplied by the Germans, the lower, floating part is of our own production.
There are plans for the bureau and the development of real ships. One of them, already 95% ready, will have to go from the Kerch Strait to St. Petersburg. According to the assurances of the designers, the ship will be able to go to sea with waves exceeding one and a half meters. If this development meets expectations, mass production is possible, as colleagues from other cities are seriously interested in the project.
Despite the difficult situation with river transport in Russia, Port Kolomna OJSC is working at full capacity. Without dwelling only on the functions inherent in an ordinary river port, they also work in other areas. Maybe this is the way to get out of the crisis?
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