2023 Author: Harold Hamphrey | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 19:35
Sevastopol is one of the few cities in the world with a heroic history, which is fully reflected in chronicles, museum expositions, memorials and monuments. The centuries-old evolution of the Crimean peninsula is inextricably linked with Sevastopol and its protected part of Tauric Chersonesos. Numerous guests visiting Sevastopol are interested in the sights of the hero city. Sevastopol had to endure several wars: the Crimean War of 1855, the assault on the German invaders in 1941-42, and the bloody Crimean operation of 1944. In addition to fierce battles on land, Sevastopol took part in naval battles under the command of Admiral Kornilov. After the defeat of the Russian fleet near Evpatoria, the surviving sailors, led by Kornilov, took part in the battles on Malakhov Kurgan, where Admiral Kornilov died heroically, sharing the fate of Admiral Nakhimov, who also laid down his head in July 1855 on Malakhov Kurgan.
The heroic past of the city of Sevastopol, sights of the militarytime gave rise to several city symbols. One of them is the Monument to the Scuttled Ships. The monument is considered the emblem of the hero city, it is installed in the sea on the traverse of Primorsky Boulevard. Created in 1905, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Defense of Sevastopol. During the Crimean War, in 1855, by order of Admiral Kornilov, about twenty Russian ships were scuttled, which thus blocked the enemy ships from entering the Sevastopol Bay. The monument to the sunken ships is marked on the coat of arms of Sevastopol and is an integral symbol of the entire life of the hero city.
The iconic symbol of the historical past of Sevastopol is Vladimir Cathedral. This temple has its own history. Initially, it was planned to build a cathedral in honor of the Grand Duke Vladimir on the ruins of Chersonese, where the prince had once been baptized. Admiral Lazarev, who also participated in choosing a site for the cathedral, proposed to build a temple in the center of Sevastopol, since the cathedral would not be visited by people in the distance. His proposal was accepted and preparations for construction began. Lazarev soon died and it was decided to bury his remains at the location of the future cathedral. Thus, the crypt of the admiral was arranged in the foundation of the temple. Subsequently, the Vladimir Cathedral received the ashes of Admirals Kornilov, Istomin and Nakhimov as a tomb. The cathedral has a memorial plaque with the names of four heroes.
The most peaceful sight of Sevastopol is the ruins of the legendary KhersonesTauride. Chersonesus has existed for a long time since its foundation, almost two thousand years. When the excavations of the ancient city began, so many archaeological rarities were immediately found that they were enough for a whole museum, which is currently successfully receiving visitors. Everything in the museum is authentic, you can touch the exhibits from the thousand-year past. Sevastopol, Khersones, Cape Fiolent, Panorama, Sapun Mountain - this is not the whole list of attractions.
The events of the Crimean War today are presented in the unique memorial complex "Panorama", which is located on the Historical Boulevard of Sevastopol. In a huge building of the "rotunda" type, a panoramic picture "Defense of Sevastopol 1854-1855" was mounted. The painting tells about the battles of one day on June 18, 1855 and has a length of 114 meters and a height of 14 meters. Visitors to the memorial gradually get the feeling that they themselves are on the Malakhov Kurgan, directly in the thick of hostilities.
The titanic work of the artists who painted such a voluminous picture was also a kind of feat. All the details of the ammunition of soldiers and officers are carefully drawn, the color of the battle is skillfully maintained, the cannon fire is frighteningly naturalistic, the fatal spirit of war literally hovers over the panorama. The whole of Sevastopol, sights, monuments and monuments are permeated with military history, the heavy legacy reminds of itself every minute.
Indisputable advantages of the city of Sevastopol, sights andMuseum rarities, wonderful climate and good ecology attract numerous tourists. People who come to rest in Sevastopol leave feedback about their impressions (mostly positive) in guest books, local newspapers and on thematic Internet resources.
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