Table of contents:
- General information
- Brandenburg Gate
- Unter den Linden
- Charlottenburg Castle
- Holocaust Memorial
- Museum Island
- Madame Tussauds
- Berlin TV Tower
This city combines centuries of experience in culture, architecture and lifestyle. Every year it takes on a fresh European look.
The city is famous for its magnificent architecture, preserved from different eras of its existence. It has more than one and a half hundred various museums and galleries, with paintings by the oldest masters. It also has three opera houses, a famous zoo and universities.
This is Berlin, the capital of Germany. Its sights, like many cities of this country, attract a huge number of tourists from many countries. The capital is also famous for the number of bridges (1700), which are much more than in Venice.
The article contains photos and descriptions of the sights of Berlin.
Berlin is the largest city in the country both in terms of area and population. More than 3.5 million people of 184 nationalities live here.
Modern, dynamically developing modern metropolis is one of the cultural and economic centers of the European Union. Europeans call Berlin the city of freedom, students and avant-garde art.
The article presents the sights of Berlin (photo with names), especially popular and visited by tourists.
His simple name is "Alex". The square got its name in honor of Alexander I, who visited Berlin in 1805. Here in the 19th century military parades were held, there was a trade in livestock by peasants and many others. others
The sights of Berlin (see photo in the article), like many other cities in the world, are visited by tourists starting from the main square. Today, on the territory of Alexanderplatz, you can see both the most ancient buildings (the Red Town Hall and the Church of St. Mary), and more modern buildings (a 400-meter television tower and a high-rise modern hotel with panoramic windows). From the observation deck (height 200 meters) you can see the wonderful panorama of the city in all its splendor.
The surroundings are no less attractive with wonderfully combined ancient and modern buildings. On the square itself there is a grand supermarket "Alex" with many souvenir shops, cafes and restaurants around it.
One of the main attractions of Berlin is the famous Brandenburg Gate. Throughout the history of Germany, they have had very different meanings, and today they keep the turbulent past of the state and itssignificant achievements. Once the gate served as the main entrance to the city, it was a symbol of the division of Berlin for many years into 2 parts (Eastern and Western occupation zones).
The Brandenburg Gate ("Gate of the World") was built from sandstone, designed by Karl Gotthard Langgans. This was in 1791. The greatest historical architectural structure is an example of classicism, a worthy completion of Unter den Linden (more details later in the article).
The figure of Irene (the ancient goddess of the world), made of bronze, crowned the gate. However, in 1806, she was taken by Napoleon to Paris, but later recaptured, she was returned to her original place. Only she became known as Victoria, personifying victory.
The gate became a symbol of German unification in the 20th century. And to this day, you can find fragments of the famous Berlin Wall here. During the war period, this great building was destroyed, but after the reconstruction it again began to please with its beauty and grandeur.
This prestigious building was built in 1894 and is one of Berlin's main landmarks. This was preceded by the proclamation of the German Empire in the Mirror Hall of Versailles (1871). Berlin then became the capital of the empire, which is why it became necessary to build a building for the government of the state. The foundation stone of the huge palace was laid in 1884 by the emperor himself. The Reichstag was built in neo-Renaissance style.
As a result of a fire in 1933, it was completely destroyedand rebuilt in 1970. After the decision to return the government from Bonn to Berlin, after the reunification of the two parts of Germany, the Reichstag was completely reconstructed in the late 1990s.
Unter den Linden
This place is a conditional Broadway of Berlin. The wonderful linden alley, which is the center of the modern fashionable life of the capital, is a picturesque landmark of Berlin. It stretches from the Palace Square, across the river. Spree and up to the Brandenburg Gate.
Mark Twain and Heine once loved to walk here. Today, the Arsenal, Opera, Humboldt University, magnificent cafes "At the Opera" and "Einstein" with amazing comfort and interior, as well as the famous Berlin Cathedral are located on the territory of the alley. The name of the alley is translated quite simply, but romantically - “under the linden trees.”
In the middle of the 17th century, the first park appeared here thanks to F. Wilhelm, who regularly passes through these places in the direction of his hunting grounds. His son later built up the boulevard with beautiful luxurious buildings on the site of 44 demolished houses. Today this place is one of the most picturesque in the city.
Many sights of the city of Berlin attract with their antiquity and beautiful historical architecture. Charlottenburg Castle is the largest and oldest palace in the city, built in the Baroque style in the 18th century.
It was originally planned as a summer home for Sophie Charlotte (wife of Elector Frederick III- the first king of Prussia). The interior of the castle is represented by masterpieces of art, including a large collection of paintings by French artists of the 18th century.
This wonderful building, together with its territory, is considered a prestigious district of Berlin. The building consists of a central part, right and left wings. The dome, on top of which there is a golden figure of the goddess Fortune, is crowned with its central building. The palace was rebuilt after the war almost from scratch. There is a fabulous park around the castle.
Interior: Chinese porcelain exhibition, art galleries, apartments of Frederick the Great.
Speaking of the sights of Berlin, you can not miss this historical memorial, located next to the Brandenburg Gate. This monument is a tribute to the memory of the Jewish people, massively destroyed by the Nazis during the Second World War. On an area of 20,000 sq. meters installed 2711 plates.
At the base of the memorial there is an underground information center that provides information about the personal history of many people who suffered from the Nazis. The huge and famous complex, designed by Daniel Libeskind, leaves visitors with a lasting impression.
A beautiful part of the old city is where the city's oldest and most interesting museums are located, including the Old Museum, established in 1830, and the New Museum opened in 1855. AvailableNational Gallery (1876), Bode (1904).
Also, museum lovers can visit the stunning Pergamon Museum with a classical collection of antiquities, the Museums of the Ancient East and Islamic Art.
One of the five European museums of this kind is located in Germany. Attraction of Berlin - Madame Tussauds museum presents wax figures of many famous people. They repeat their originals so exactly that looking at them, sometimes it seems that they are real people.
The quality of the exhibits is very high.
Berlin TV Tower
Most of the sights of Berlin can be viewed from the height of the observation deck installed on the TV tower.
To travel to the tower, it is better to choose a clear sunny day. Then it will be possible to see on her ball a glare in the form of a cross, which appears due to the optical effect. There are many different funny stories about him.
This is the highest building (368 meters) not only in Berlin, but also in Germany. Every year, millions of tourists rise to its platform, so that later on a photo taken from its height, make the inscription: “Berlin at my feet.”