Table of contents:
- Main Attractions
- Ancient Kremlin
- The main sights of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square
- What ison Red Square?
- Soviet times
The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are the main attractions of the Russian capital. Twenty towers and the same number of walls were, in fact, a grandiose fortification to protect against enemy attacks. At present, the fortress has lost its fortification purpose. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are Russia's calling card, its cultural heritage.
The Kremlin is located on the Moskva River, on its left bank, the high Borovitsky Hill. There are several travel towers along the perimeter, the rest are of an architectural and historical nature. The main tower of the ensemble is Spasskaya, it has a chiming clock, according to which it is customary to celebrate the New Year throughout the country. The clock is always accurate, reference time. The Spasskaya Tower is a separate landmark of Moscow, but its interior is closed to tourists.
Moscow Kremlin andRed Square are connected together and complement each other. Vasilyevsky Spusk originates from the Spasskaya Tower, leading to the Moscow River, Zamoskvoretsky Bridge and the corner Beklemishevskaya Tower.
In the 16th century, the Kremlin streets were expanded and landscaped: Nikolskaya, Chudovskaya and Spasskaya. This was done to resettle numerous boyars and members of the clergy, who literally flooded the territory of the Kremlin, settling down for permanent residence with their families. The vacated zones began to be built up. In 1552, the Ivan the Great belfry received an extension in the form of the Resurrection Church, then the churches of the Three Hierarchs and the Solovetsky Wonderworkers appeared in the Metropolitans' courtyard. The Grand Duke's Palace was radically rebuilt. The royal family received bed chambers near the Church of the Savior on Bor.
The main sights of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square
In the Kremlin are:
- Museum of the Armory, which contains unique exhibits: royal carriages and clothes of monarchs, the world-famous Monomakh's hat, a collection of Easter eggs by Carl Faberge, a Russian jeweler;
- three grandiose cathedrals: Arkhangelsk, Annunciation and Assumption.
- Church of the Deposition of the Robe;
- museum exhibit Tsar Bell;
- belfry "Ivan the Great";
- Tsar Cannon, a unique weapon.
What ison Red Square?
The main square of Moscow is famous for St. Basil's Cathedral, its other name is Pokrovsky Cathedral. The temple of stunning beauty was created during the reign of Ivan the Terrible in honor of the conquest of Kazan. The architectural value of the cathedral has not yet been determined. This greatest masterpiece of temple architecture was created by architects named Postnik and Barma. Nine churches are brought together. Each has its own name. In the center is the Church of the Intercession of the Virgin. Then follow:
- church aisle of the Three Patriarchs;
- Holy Trinity;
- Nikola Velikoretsky;
- Cyprian and Ustinya;
- Entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem;
- Gregory of Armenia;
- Alexander Svirsky;
- Varlaam Khutynsky.
In the immediate vicinity of the Pokrovsky Cathedral is the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. A little further - the Execution Ground, where public executions were held. Further on, the vast expanse of Red Square, covered with paving stones, stretched out. At the end is the Russian Museum. On the left, along Red Square, the Kremlin wall stretches, it ends with the Nikolskaya travel tower.
Until recently, the public was interested in the mausoleum of V. I. Lenin and the section of the Kremlin wall with honorary burials. Today, everything there is planted with blue spruce, but this site is not popular. On the opposite side of Red Square is GUM, Moscow's oldest department store.
Lighting up the sightsthe Moscow Kremlin and Red Square, we can mention the annual parade of military equipment, which takes place on the square on May 9.
In Soviet times, many buildings of the Moscow Kremlin were destroyed. Moreover, this was done as a result of the official directives of the Soviet government. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square were not considered the property of the Soviet authorities. Especially many exhibits suffered as a result of the barbaric actions of militant atheists. Many sights of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square were damaged. The letter of the People's Commissar of Education Lunacharsky, which he sent to the chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR Kalinin in order to prevent further destruction, was recognized as harmful, anti-communist and anti-Soviet. Two ancient Kremlin monasteries, Voznesensky and Chudov, were immediately demolished.
The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square have been successfully restored in the post-Soviet period. Cathedrals and museums are functioning, new exhibits are appearing. There is no single answer to the question of which of the sights of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square is the most interesting. All sights are grandiose, each in its own way. The Armory Chamber, Pokrovsky Cathedral and the Russian Museum leave a particularly strong impression of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square. It is also impossible to pass by church ensembles, Cathedral Square, and other sacred buildings of antiquity. The exact answer to the question which of the sights of the Moscow Kremlin andRed Square is the most significant, will give the competition of antiquities of Moscow, scheduled for 2016.