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2023 Author: Harold Hamphrey | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-22 04:47
North Carolina is a US state. It is located in the eastern region of the country. The state capital is Raleigh. The largest cities in North Carolina are Fayetteville, Greensboro, Durham, and Charlotte. The state has a population of 9.6 million. The area of the occupied territory is 139,509 square kilometers.
The state borders Virginia to the north and Georgia and South Carolina to the south. To the west is Tennessee. The status of the twelfth state of America, North Carolina was awarded in 1789.
In the north of the state lies the rolling plateau of the Appalachians and Piedmond. The highest point in this area is Mount Mitchell. It reaches a level of 2037 meters. The east of North Carolina is represented by the marshy Atlantic Lowland. There is also access to the boundless Atlantic Ocean. In the central part of the state there are foothills and hills. This is the most densely populated area.
Most of North Carolina is forested. On the coast there is a whole chain of bays and islands.
In general, it is characterized as moderate. On the Piedmont Plateau - subtropical. Here in the summertime they often ragehurricanes. The average temperature of the warm season is thirty degrees above zero. In winter, the air cools down to minus five. Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes often rage in the central part of the state.
North Carolina was the first territory in America that the British tried to colonize. Historically, this area was inhabited by a large number of Indian tribes. Sir W alter Raleigh established two colonies along the North Carolina coast in the late 1580s. However, both have fallen into disrepair.
Already in the 17th century. this province in honor of Charles I (the color of England) was named Carolina. At the same time, several settlements were founded here. Only in 1712 did North Carolina begin to be considered a separate colony. In 1776, delegates were sent from her to participate in the Continental Congress, where a vote for independence from Britain was to take place.
The people of North Carolina took an active part in the American Revolution against British dominance. Already in 1789 the Constitution was ratified here. In 1840, the state building of the Capitol in the city of Raleigh was put into operation. To this day, it is in the same place.
Commercial and rural areas of the state by the middle of the 19th century. linked by a 200-eight-kilometer road. Wooden boards served as the material for its construction.
In 1860, North Carolina was a slave state. One third of its millionth population was represented by slaves. In 1861, the state seceded from the Union of the North.
In the 20th century. statetook a leading position in industry and agriculture. The output of textiles, paper, electrical equipment, and chemicals was the eighth largest in the US in the 1990s.
Currently, certain types of minerals are being mined in North Carolina. Among them are phosphates, lithium and stone. The most developed are such industries as furniture and textile, chemical and tobacco. An important role is played by the production of electronics, computers and metal products.
North Carolina (USA) is the state in which the leading positions belong to the production of furniture and bricks. Some of the largest research centers in the field of biotechnology and information development are located here.
North Carolina's agricultural industry specializes in growing tobacco and corn, cotton and peanuts. Animal husbandry is well developed. Engaged in the state and breeding poultry.
It's worth saying that the state of North Carolina is in first place in the country in the production of crops such as tobacco and sweet potatoes. It also leads in terms of the volume of sold turkey meat.
Tourists can visit one of the oldest trolleybus lines in the South End in Charlotte. It is also home to green Myers Park and the NoDa Arts District. It is interesting to visit the largest theme park in the country called Carowinds.
In the eastern regions of the state you can admirethe amazing beauty of the Crystal Coast, the oldest lighthouse in the country and Pamlico Bay. The huge port of Wilmington, in whose waters the battleship North Caroline is located, also invites tourists. On board is the War Museum.
The city of Raleigh, the capital of North Carolina, is famous among tourists for its architecture. It has a large number of cultural centers and botanical gardens. There is also a planetarium, where many astronauts of the country have been trained. Raleigh is rightfully proud of its first-class Art Museum, as well as the Cherokee Indian Reservation.
Visitors to Old Salem are welcomed by the oldest African church, Phillips, located in the historic village. Tourists can take a ride on the old railway, called the Twisty, which runs along the most picturesque stretches of the Blue Ridge and the Great Smoky. Popular with vacationers are such places in the state as the newly renovated Tryon Palace, the Biltmore Estate resort, and Triangle Park, the oldest museum in which the exhibits tell about the history of firefighting.
The city of Chapell Hill is home to the oldest public institution of education. It is the famous University of North Carolina, the flagship of the entire state higher education system. This oldest institution was founded in 1789 by the North Carolina General Assembly.
University today offers degree programsbachelor's and master's degrees, as well as doctoral degrees. Twenty-six thousand eight hundred students study at this institution. These are residents not only of the state of North Carolina, but of the entire country. There are also foreign citizens among the students. Based on academic merit, the university may provide free tuition, accommodation and meals.