Yucatan Peninsula - the mysterious abode of ancient civilizations

Yucatan Peninsula - the mysterious abode of ancient civilizations
Yucatan Peninsula - the mysterious abode of ancient civilizations
Anonim

The Yucatan Peninsula is a huge porous sponge, the stone body of which is crossed by thousands of caves. Long ago, these catacombs were dry, but after a meteorite fall 65 million years ago, the surface sank and was flooded with rain and sea water. The formed stalactites were conserved and now they are a unique sight, a natural phenomenon. The Yucatan Peninsula is also the birthplace of the legendary Mayan tribe. You should not think that it has been wiped off the face of the earth, its descendants live there, but they have completely forgotten about their once majestic culture.

yucatan peninsula

This place can safely be called "treasury of archaeological finds". It is on the Yucatan that you can travel back many centuries and at least slightly open the veil and study the life of the ancient peoples who inhabited this region. Although the peninsula is known for its delightful resorts and beaches, most tourists still come here to see with their own eyes the ruins left from an ancient and once mighty civilization, learn their history, understand their culture and traditions.

Arriving in the Yucatan Peninsula, the first thingWorth a visit to Chichen Itza. It was here that the religious, cultural and political center of the ancient tribes was located. Initially from 300 to 900 years. BC. it was the main Maya settlement, which was later abandoned. Chichen Itza regained its former glory in 1000 AD. e. under the rule of the Toltecs, who ruled it for two and a half centuries. For this reason, until today, archaeological excavations are being carried out at this place, aimed at restoring and collecting facts about two historical periods.

yucatan peninsula photo

In Chichen Itza, there are several restored buildings, thanks to which one can get an idea of ​​the majesty of ancient civilizations and the feats they achieved in construction. The Yucatan Peninsula is worth a visit on the day of the autumn or spring equinox, then a shadow in the form of a snake appears on the ancient castle. In Chichen Itza, you can also see the Grand Bolcourt, the temple of the Warriors, the Sacred Cenote and a huge number of items used during sacrificial rituals.

Also worth a visit is El Rey, where the sculpture of a head in a headdress is located. In addition, there are 47 structures here, having examined them, you can learn more about the life of ancient peoples and the role of the sea region in their fate. To see the last refuge of the powerful Mayan tribe, you should visit the Yucatan Peninsula. A photo of the area of ​​​​the Mayapen settlement is not able to convey all its majesty. It covers an area of ​​4 km2, so one day is not enough to get acquainted with all the archaeological sites.

Yucatan Peninsula on the map

Worthy of attention is Uxmal, where in 1000 AD. e. The Puuk tribe lived. In those days, it was a very important settlement, there is a dwarf pyramid built in honor of the cunning dwarf who deceived the ruler and took his place. The Yucatan Peninsula on the map is depicted in great detail, so finding all the necessary sights will not be difficult. Tourists will be interested in visiting Koba, where there is the highest pyramid in the area with 120 steps and more than 6,000 buildings, although many of them have not yet been discovered. It is also worth walking through the unexplored settlement of Xel-Ha with its many ruins and admire the walled city of Tulum, located in the rocks near the Caribbean Sea.

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